Chapter 6 considers the meaning of causation and then reviews the criteria for achieving causally valid explanations, the ways in which experimental and quasi-experimental research designs seek to meet these criteria, and the difficulties that can sometimes result in drawing invalid conclusions. Provide an example of the following with references to validate your claims. Also, please define each item.
-Quantitative (Nomothetic) Causal Explanation
-Qualitative (Idiographic) Causal Explanation
-Repeated Cross-Sectional Designs
-Fixed-Sample Panel Designs