4 DQ 2Benefits of regular physical activity go beyond weight management. Risk of developing heart disease is lowered by regular activity, which helps improve the condition and endurance of the heart. Activity plays a role in lowering blood pressure, maintaining healthy weight and lowering cholesterol levels. The heart muscle is also strengthened leading to improved blood flow and working capacity of the heart, which enhances ability to do activities (Bouchard et al., 2018). Obesity is considered one of the leading causes of type 2 diabetes. Studies indicate that weight loss from 5% to 7% lowers incidence of the disease by 58% (Wolfenden et al., 2016). Physical activity combined with good nutrition is important in maintaining blood glucose levels and reducing incidences of cardiovascular complications. When one exercises, the body muscles utilize glucose and in turn, the blood sugar levels go down (Colberg et al., 2016). Insulin resistance also decreases making it more effective.Nurses play an important role in inspiring patients to adopt physical activity. Simply talking to patients about activity and helping them set goals triggers awareness about personal health behavior. Enrolling the clients in community based exercise programs will help incorporate physical activity in their lives. The popularity of fitness is growing at many social levels and helping your clients be part of these programs will highly motivate them to indulge in activity.Adults should be active daily accumulating at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity over a week. Moderate intensity activities recommended include walking briskly, gardening, dancing and biking. Vigorous intensity activities such as running, swimming laps and hiking uphill can also be done.Using motivation interventions and fully involving the client is an important approach in gaining cooperation from the client and sustaining behavior change. The client is encouraged to focus on the improvements they can make and set their own realistic goals (Tuso, 2015).Using 200-300 words APA format with references in supporting discussion.For the middle-aged adult, exercise can reduce the risk of various health problems. Choose two at-risk health issues that regular physical exercise and activity can help prevent and manage. Discuss the prevalence of each of these health problems in society today. Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives. Include the kind of activities you would recommend, the amount of exercise, and the approach you would use to gain cooperation from the client. Support your response with evidence-based literature.
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