1. Think about the concept of acceptable risk. Provide your thoughts on acceptable risk as it applies to the workplace or even your everyday life. What are the ethical ramifications of applying the concept to real-life situations for you?Your journal entry must be at least 200 words in length. No references or citations are necessary.2. Describe how your organization or an organization you are familiar with manages occupational safety and health. To what extent are executives and facility managers committed to the OSH effort, and to what extent are front-line employees involved? What level of effort is exerted to ensure that hazards are evaluated and controlled? Are there continuous improvement efforts in place?Your journal entry must be at least 200 words in length. No references or citations are necessary.3. What would PSM mean to you if you were on a worksite? Why is it important? Provide one or two examples to support your answer.Your journal entry must be at least 200 words in length. No references or citations are necessary.4. We have discussed the differences between and importance of leading and lagging indicators. Which of the two would you employ to bring your PSM program up to a higher standard? Why?Your journal entry must be at least 200 words in length. No references or citations are necessary.5. Discuss what you would consider as the one most significant roadblock companies are likely to face in implementing the ANSI/ASSP Z10.0-2019 and ANSI/ASSP/ISO 45001-2018 standards in a typical manufacturing organization. What steps might the company consider to overcome this roadblock?Your response must be at least 75 words in length. APA Format6. Since risk cannot be reduced to zero, the as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP) concept is often applied. How can this concept be used to determine acceptable levels of risk? What might be some pitfalls to applying this concept?Your response must be at least 75 words in length. APA Format7. Apply the concept of acceptable risk to a hazard prevalent at a place where you work or have worked. If you prefer, you could discuss a job with inherent hazards (e.g. fire fighter, steel erection connector, etc.). Make sure you address the concepts of zero, minimum, and acceptable risk in your discussion.Your response must be at least 200 words in length. APA Format8. Management Leadership and Employee Participation has been said to be the most important section of ANSI/ASSP Z10.0-2019 and ANSI/ASSP/ISO 45001-2018. Why do you think this is the case? Support your discussion with examples from personal experience.Your response must be at least 200 words in length. APA Format9. Compare and contrast the concepts of macro and micro thinking as they relate to safety and health management in the workplace. Which is more in alignment with the safety management systems approach and why?Your response must be at least 75 words in length. APA Format10. Explain the Five Why technique, and describe how this technique can be used in incident investigation to identify potential causes that may tie to deficiencies in processes and management systems rather than mistakes made by workers?Your response must be at least 75 words in length. APA Format11. Appraise the concept of organizational culture and its relationship to successful implementation of safety management systems.Your response must be at least 200 words in length. APA Format12. In the conclusion to Chapter 8, Manuele states that top-level decisions largely cause potential for human error, and this impact spreads through the entire organization. Please examine this statement with respect to how it aligns with the tenets of the safety management systems approach to produce desired results.Your response must be at least 200 words in length. APA Format13. The top two sections of the modified safety triangle are Accidents and Incidents. How do these two terms differ? How do the metrics used when measuring each of these levels highlight their differences?Your response must be at least 200 words in length. APA Format14. The textbook discusses the “cookie cutter” facility. Even though two facilities may be considered to be mirror images of each other, how might they actually be different? How might these differences affect process safety, and what methods and/or tools can be used to prevent accidents?Your response must be at least 200 words in length. APA Format15. Choose two RBPS elements from the “Manage Risk” section of the Appendix III table in your textbook. Briefly explain, in your own words, why they are important, and discuss the implementation tools that they would involve. How would these tools be used to evaluate and support PSM?Your response must be at least 200 words in length. APA Format
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